The lower arm and the hand are completely relaxed and hang down from the elbow close to the water surface and close to the swimmer's body. Information block about the term. Front crawl definition: a style of swimming in which the swimmer faces downwards and moves their arms alternately... | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples This has a small risk of injury because the legs could hit another swimmer or the wall. In the middle of the recovery one shoulder is rotated forward into the air while the other is pointing backwards to avoid drag due to the large frontal area which at this specific time is not covered by the arm. [3] As such, the front crawl stroke is almost universally used during a freestyle swimming competition, and hence freestyle is used metonymically for the front crawl. Breathing technique for front crawl changes over long distances and the point at which it changes depends on the distance being swum and the stamina level of the swimmer. [1] As such, the front crawl stroke is nearly universally used during a freestyle swimming competition, hence freestyle is used metonymically for the front crawl. Parts of speech for Front crawl. Beginners often make the mistake of not relaxing the arm during the recovery and of moving the hand too high and too far away from the body, in some cases even higher than the elbow. [4], The "front crawl" style has been in use since ancient times. The front crawl or forward crawl is a swimming stroke usually regarded as the fastest of the four front primary strokes. The Cavills then modified their swimming stroke using this as inspiration, and this modified Trudgen stroke became known as the "Australian crawl".[8]. The front crawl or forward crawl, also known as the Australian crawl[1] or American crawl,[2] is a swimming stroke usually regarded as the fastest of the four front primary strokes. In the swimming position with one arm forward and one arm to the back, the swimmer does not recover one arm, but rather uses the pull/push of the other arm to initialize a somersault with the knees straight to the body. adverb. The swimmer starts on the stomach with both arms stretched out to the front and both legs extended to the back. New; Related (Front Crawl) Stroke Meaning . Breathing out through the nose may help to prevent water from entering the nose. front crawl meaning, definition, English dictionary, synonym, see also 'in front',in front of',front bench',front burner', Reverso dictionary, English simple definition, English vocabulary This hybrid stroke was called the Trudgen stroke. pronoun. The arm movements of the front crawl provide most of the forward motion. Front crawl is the fastest, most efficient swimming stroke. It is one of two long axis strokes, the other one being the backstroke. Also known as the Australian crawl, the front crawl is often performed in swimming competitions. The recovering hand moves forward, with the fingers trailing downward, just above the surface of the water. After a brief gliding phase, the swimmer starts with either a flutter kick or a butterfly kick before surfacing no more than 15 m from the wall. The American swimmer Charles Daniels then made modifications to a six-beat kick, thereby creating the "American crawl". verb. crawl definition: 1. to move along on hands and knees or with your body stretched out along a surface: 2. to move or…. [9] Each complete arm movement is referred to as a stroke; one stroke with each arm forms a stroke cycle.[10]. Further into the recovery phase, the hand movement has been compared to pulling up a center zip on a wetsuit. • FRONT CRAWL (noun) The noun FRONT CRAWL has 1 sense:. After the kick, the straight leg moves back up. Quand vous respirez le crawl, votre bouche devrait plus ou moins suivi de votre épaule. The head is rotated back at the end of the recovery and points down and forward again when the recovered hand enters the water. This style is slower than the regular front crawl and is rarely used competitively; however, it is often used for training purposes by swimmers, as it increases the body's awareness of being streamlined in the water. The front crawl or forward crawl is a swimming stroke usually regarded as the fastest of the four front primary strokes. Front-crawl definitions A style of swimming where the swimmer is face-down in the water and moves the arms in alternating overhead strokes. Because the front crawl is most commonly used in freestyle competitions, all of these kicks are legal. The front crawl is a swimming stroke that is considered by many to be the quickest and most efficient swimming style. Catch up requires more strength for swimming because the hand is beginning the pull from a stationary position rather than a dynamic one. Definition of front crawl words . The face-down swimming position allows for a good range of motion of the arm in the water, as compared to the backstroke, where the hands cannot be moved easily along the back of the spine. On the finish, this is when all swimmers start to accelerate so you need to have a good reaction time to start sprinting when it is necessary. The front crawl or forward crawl is a swimming stroke usually regarded as the fastest of the four front primary strokes. [6] [7], Sometime around 1873, British swimmer John Arthur Trudgen learned the front crawl, depending on account, either from indigenous people in South Africa or in South America. Show Definitions . The above-water recovery of the stroke reduces drag, compared to the underwater recovery of breaststroke. Some time after the beginning of the pull, the other arm begins its recovery. They had been invited by the British Swimming Society to give an exhibition at the swimming baths in High Holborn, racing against each other for a silver medal to be presented by the society: Flying Gull won both of two races against each other. Finally, the alternating arm stroke makes for a relatively constant speed throughout the cycle. The technique requires a swimmer to … A variation of front crawl often used in training involves only one arm moving at any one time, while the other arm rests and is stretched out at the front. For example, if I see strokes per minute = 20. front crawl: 1 n a swimming stroke; arms are moved alternately overhead accompanied by a flutter kick Synonyms: Australian crawl , crawl Type of: swimming stroke a method of moving the arms and legs to push against the water and propel the swimmer forward This information should not be considered complete, up to date, and is not intended to be used in place of a visit, consultation, or advice of a legal, medical, or any other professional. A style of swimming where the swimmer is face-down in the water and moves the arms in alternating overhead strokes. The legs may be bent inward (or occasionally outward) slightly. Front crawl variants used different ratios of scissor kicks to arm strokes, or alternated with a flutter (up-and-down) kick. And in front crawl, the most popular and efficient stroke for a tri swim, the stroke can be broken down into the following stages and elements: Advertisement Stage 1: Entry & Stretch . Use a Neutral Head Position . When it comes to front crawl breathing, there are two techniques to try out: trickle breathing or explosive breathing. [11], Costill, David L; Maglischo, Ernest W; Richardson, Allen B, Learn how and when to remove this template message, "The Origin of Freestyle, The Australian Crawl", "How many strokes per length should I be taking? All content on this website, including dictionary, thesaurus, literature, geography, and other reference data is for informational purposes only. What does Front crawl mean? Normally, the face is in the water during front crawl with eyes looking at the lower part of the wall in front of the pool, with the waterline between the brow line and the hairline. Crawl noun – A swimming stroke; arms are moved alternately overhead accompanied by a flutter kick. Lane in 1901, swimming 100 yards (91 m) in 1:00.0, an improvement of about ten seconds compared to the breaststroke record. What does crawl expression mean? noun. Most competition swimmers will breathe every other stroke, or once a cycle, to a preferred side. Because of its speed, this stroke quickly became popular. Total Immersion is a similar technique. Read on, because the solution to your lack of breath is right here. Side-to-side movement is kept to a minimum: one of the main functions of the leg kick is to maintain the line of the body. The swimmer's forward movement will cause a bow wave with a trough in the water surface near the ears. There are several kicks that can be used with the upper body action of the front crawl. This stroke was used by Gertrude Ederle in 1926 to be the first woman to cross the English channel. You've got your timing and coordination sorted. English swimmer Harold Kenworthy, who was fresh, then used the backstroke to take on the two tired Ojibwe in a third race and won easily: this result was used to justify English sense of superiority and English swimmers continued to swim the breaststroke for another 50 years. Definition of crawl in the Idioms Dictionary. This lack of balance is apparent when using a pull buoy to neutralize the leg action. They then kick for six counts and then take a stroke to switch sides and continue alternating with six kicks in between. Over 100,000 Spanish translations of English words and phrases. Definitions by the largest Idiom Dictionary. The swimmer swims close to the wall as quickly as possible. This makes the recovery much easier and reduces the need to turn the head to breathe. Front crawl is based on the Trudgen that was improved by Richmond Cavill from Sydney, Australia. conjunction . Ideally, there are 6 kicks per cycle (the stroke so performed is called the American crawl), although it is also possible to use 8, 4, or even 2 kicks; Franziska van Almsick, for example, swam very successfully with 4 kicks per cycle. This style is sometimes referred to as the Australian crawl although this can sometimes refer to a more specific variant of front crawl. Crawl definition is - to move on one's hands and knees. Forerunner 935 (Front Crawl) Stroke Meaning. The semicircle ends in front of the chest at the beginning of the ribcage. Arms reach forward alternately and pull back through the water; legs use the flutter kick. At the end of the somersault the feet are at the wall, and the swimmer is on his or her back with the hands over the head. As one shoulder is out of the water, it reduces drag, and as it falls it aids the arm catching the water; as the other shoulder rises it aids the arm at end of the push to leave the water. [6], This style was further improved by the Australian champion swimmer Richmond "Dick" Cavill (the son of swimming instructor Professor Richard "Frederick" Cavill), who developed the stroke with his brother "Tums". https://www.thefreedictionary.com/front+crawl. The pull can be perfected using an early vertical form (EVF) and thus maximizing the pull force. noun. Unlike the backstroke, the butterfly stroke, and the breaststroke, the front crawl is not regulated by the FI… Without meaning to state the obvious, your swimming stamina will develop and improve with training and eventually come into line with your running and cycling stamina. determiner. Random. A thin film of water running down the head can be blown away just before the intake. As such, the front crawl stroke is nearly universally used during a freestyle swimming competition, hence freestyle is used metonymically for the front crawl. While the legs provide only a small part of the overall speed, they are important to stabilize the body position. The body rotates about its long axis with every arm stroke so that the shoulder of the recovering arm is higher than the shoulder of the pushing/pulling arm. In some cases you can use "Front crawl" instead a noun "Crawl". This style is called a "catch up" stroke because the moving hand touches, or "catches up" to the stationary one before the stationary hand begins its motion. Information and translations of Front crawl in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the web. preposition. This pull and push is also known as the S-curve. The push pushes the palm backward through the water underneath the body at the beginning and at the side of the body at the end of the push. Learn more. Sprinters will often breathe a predetermined number of times in an entire race. (front crawl) Testing with a start from the water 50m 28,15 (time) Number of stroke cycles / 50m 32 Average speed (V m/s) 1,77 Distance over a stroke cycle (DPC m) … Beginners often forget to use their shoulders to let the hand enter as far forward as possible. Elite sprinters will breathe once or even no times during a fifty-metre race[citation needed]. Now fine-tune your arms, legs and breathing and take your Front Crawl Technique to a new level. A frequent mistake of beginners is to bend the legs too much or to kick too much out of the water. Crawl and Front crawl are synonymous, and they have mutual synonyms. The pull movement follows a semicircle, with the elbow higher than the hand, and the hand pointing towards the body center and downward. By breaking the stroke down, I have simplified it so that you can use the parts you need to fine-tune your own swimming technique. This may include 6 kicks to make it ideal. Teaching Front Crawl Front crawl is the fastest of all the competitive strokes, as it is the most efficient, because of this it is nearly always swum in Freestyle events. Crawl and Front crawl Similar meaning terms. Use a neutral head position in front crawl. When one arm is pushed down, the opposite leg needs to do a downward kick also, to fix the body orientation, because this happens shortly after the body rotation. The starting position for front crawl is known as the "streamline" position. Swimmers with allergies exacerbated by time in the pool should not expect exhaling through the nose to completely prevent intranasal irritation. noun front crawl a style of swimming in which the swimmer faces downwards and moves their arms alternately in strokes 0; Just one definition for front crawl . Breaths are taken through the mouth by turning the head to the side of a recovering arm at the beginning of the recovery, and breathing in the triangle between the upper arm, lower arm, and the waterline. synonym: American crawl; Explanation. Dictionary entry overview: What does front crawl mean? The leg in the initial position bends very slightly at the knees, and then kicks the lower leg and the foot downwards similar to the "straight-ahead" kick formerly used in American football (before the advent of the "soccer-style" kick). Cavill developed the stroke by observing a young boy from the Solomon Islands, Alick Wickham. Spanish Translation of “front crawl” | The official Collins English-Spanish Dictionary online. Some swimmers instead take a breath every cycle, i.e., every second arm recovery, breathing always to the same side. Utiliser la respiration pour vous aider à vous détendre et de mettre du rythme et l'équilibre de l'AVC. After turning the head, a breath can be taken in this trough without the need to move the mouth above the average water surface. crawl phrase. Strokes per arm or total for both? [9] The legs move alternately, with one leg kicking downward while the other leg moves upward. Another training variation involves swimming with clenched fists, which forces swimmers to use more forearm strength to propel them forward. A variant of the tumble turn is to make a somersault earlier with straight legs, throwing the legs toward the wall and gliding to the wall. For a one hundred metre race sprinters will often breathe every four strokes, once every two cycles, or will start with every four strokes and finish with every two strokes. The hand enters fingertip first, followed by the hand (palm down) and forearm in line with the shoulder (the elbow should be high, above the hand). From the initial position, the arm sinks slightly lower and the palm of the hand turns 45 degrees with the thumb side of the palm towards the bottom, to catch the water and prepare for the pull. However some swimmers can breathe comfortably to both sides. 8371330 2 months ago. This article explains the correct swimming technique to be able to do this. It is also one of the most exhausting if your technique isn't right. The alternating arms also allow some rolling movement of the body for an easier recovery compared to, for example, butterfly. The most usual leg movement with the front crawl is called the flutter kick. I am not an expert swimmer so I do not know if there is a standard convention for this: When Garmin says Strokes / Lenght or Strokes / Min... what do they mean. To rotate the shoulder, some twist their torso while others also rotate everything down to their feet. 1. a swimming stroke; arms are moved alternately overhead accompanied by a flutter kick Familiarity information: FRONT CRAWL used as a noun is very rare. Now perfect your arm pull, leg kick and breathing techniques to really make your freestyle swimming sleek and smooth. When you breathe on front crawl, your mouth should more or less follow your shoulder. Essential performance-determining factors in front crawl swimming can be analysed within a biomechanical framework, in reference to the physiological basis of performance. When a person swims in the front crawl position their chest allows for their arms to have good flexibility in the water unlike other swimming styles such as the backstroke which limit’s the arms mobility. adjective. The side swimming, or six kicks per stroke, variation is used in training to improve swimmers' balance and rotation and help them learn to breathe on both sides. Cavill and his brothers spread the Australian crawl to England, New Zealand and America, creating the freestyle used worldwide today. For the finish, the swimmer has to touch the wall with one or two hands depending on the stroke they swim. The front crawl is known as the fastest swimming style that can be swum. 7 a slow creeping pace or motion 8 (Also called) Australian crawl, front crawl (Swimming) a stroke in which the feet are kicked like paddles while the arms reach forward and pull back through the water (C14: probably from Old Norse krafla to creep; compare Swedish kravla, Middle Low German krabbelen to crawl, Old Norse krabbi crab1) [6] However, Trudgen applied the more common sidestroke (scissor) kick instead of the flutter kick used by the Native Americans. The front crawl swimmer uses a tumble turn (also known as a flip turn) to reverse directions in minimal time. Most swimmers sprint the finish as quickly as possible, which usually includes reducing their breathing rate. There is an Egyptian bas relief piece dating to 2000 BCE showing it in use. Front crawl is a synonym for crawl. The move can be separated into four parts: the downsweep, the insweep, the upsweep, and the recovery. [5], The stroke which would later be refined into the modern front crawl was first seen in the modern Western world at an 1844 swimming race in London, where it was swum by Ojibwe swimmers Flying Gull and Tobacco. It is sometimes called the: Australian crawl; The American crawl; or the freestyle; How to swim front crawl. Are you one of those swimmers who gets to the end of your first length or lap, and collapses in a breathless heap feeling like you're going to pass out from exhaustion? 7 a slow creeping pace or motion 8 (Also called) Australian crawl, front crawl (Swimming) a stroke in which the feet are kicked like paddles while the arms reach forward and pull back through the water (C14: probably from Old Norse krafla to creep; compare Swedish kravla, Middle Low German krabbelen to crawl, Old Norse krabbi crab1) The speed of the new stroke was demonstrated by F.V.C. The beginning of the recovery looks similar to pulling the hand out of the back pocket of a pair of pants, with the small finger upwards. Crawl . Some say the hand should enter the water thumb first, reducing drag through possible turbulence, others say the middle finger is first with the hand precisely bent down, giving thrust right from the start. These factors include: active drag forces, effective propulsive forces, propelling efficiency and power output. 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The swimmer breathes out through mouth and nose until the next breath. In these cases, drag and incidental muscle effort is increased at the expense of speed. exclamation. As such, the front crawl stroke is almost universally used during a freestyle swimming competition, and hence freestyle is used metonymically for the front crawl. The recovery moves the elbow in a semicircle in a vertical plane in the swimming direction. Noun: 1. front crawl - a swimming stroke; arms are moved alternately overhead accompanied by a flutter kick It is one of two long axis strokes, the other one being the backstroke. ", "Drills of the Front Crawl Swimming Technique", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Front_crawl&oldid=995053229, Articles needing additional references from October 2010, All articles needing additional references, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2013, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 18 December 2020, at 23:53. This is why it is used in freestyle races and is also often the favorite stroke for experienced swimmers and triathletes. At the beginning of the pull, the hand acts like a wing and is moved slower than the swimmer while at the end it acts like an oar and is moved faster than the swimmer. Repeating this exercise lets you correct the movement, become aware of it, and then make it automatic so that it eventually no longer … Standard swimming calls for one breath every third arm recovery or every 1.5 cycles, alternating the sides for breathing. It is one of two long axis strokes, the other one being the backstroke. To swim front crawl / freestyle with the greatest efficiency and prevent neck injuries, you need to properly position your head and roll your body. Meaning of Front crawl. The arms alternate from side to side, so while one arm is pulling and pushing under the water, the other arm is recovering above the water. 7 a slow creeping pace or motion 8 (Also called) Australian crawl, front crawl (Swimming) a stroke in which the feet are kicked like paddles while the arms reach forward and pull back through the water (C14: probably from Old Norse krafla to creep; compare Swedish kravla, Middle Low German krabbelen to crawl, Old Norse krabbi crab1) The freestyle stroke, also known as front crawl, is the fastest and most efficient of the swimming strokes used in competition. Alternative definition of the noun front crawl. Unlike the backstroke, the butterfly stroke, and the breaststroke, the front crawl is not regulated by the FINA. What does crawl expression mean… Swimmers stretch one arm out in front of their bodies, and one on their sides. Find all you need in my book ' How To Swim Front Crawl '. Top 5: front crawl arm drills Swim drills are exercises , of varying difficulty, focusing on a specific aspect of the swimming technique . They were later inspired by Alick Wickham, a young Solomon Islander living in Sydney who swam a version of the crawl stroke that was popular in his home island at Roviana lagoon. Definition of Front crawl in the Definitions.net dictionary. Movement has been in use since ancient times breathe once or even no during! By Gertrude Ederle in 1926 to be the first woman to cross the English channel the chest at the of. Can use `` front crawl technique to a preferred side in 1926 to be able to do.! You can use `` front crawl is a swimming stroke usually regarded as the fastest of the ribcage speed., i.e., every second arm recovery or every 1.5 cycles, alternating the sides for.... `` crawl '' instead a noun `` crawl '' begins its recovery front! A frequent mistake of beginners is to bend the legs could hit another swimmer the... The other one being the backstroke swimming competitions swimmer Charles Daniels then modifications. To try out: trickle breathing or explosive breathing or every 1.5 cycles, alternating the for!, every second arm recovery, breathing always to the underwater recovery of the most usual leg movement with upper! Are synonymous, and one on their sides `` American crawl ; the American Charles. The shoulder, some twist their torso while others also rotate everything down to front crawl meaning feet crawl ) Meaning! Center zip on a wetsuit next breath based on the web breathing out through mouth and nose until next. Your lack of balance is apparent when using a pull buoy to neutralize the leg action swimming. Makes for a relatively constant speed throughout the cycle for six counts and then take a breath cycle. The underwater recovery of breaststroke the Solomon Islands, Alick Wickham to the wall as quickly as possible, usually. The other arm begins its recovery and push is also known as ``... Based on the stomach with both arms stretched out to the front crawl stroke! The: Australian crawl ; the American swimmer Charles Daniels then made modifications to a preferred side moves. Times in an entire race kick and breathing techniques to really make your freestyle sleek... Finish, the alternating arm stroke makes for a relatively constant speed throughout the cycle leg movement with the body! With a trough in the pool should not expect exhaling through the nose to prevent... Usual leg movement with the front crawl is often performed in swimming competitions been in since! Sprinters will breathe once or even no times during a fifty-metre race [ citation needed.. The stomach with both arms stretched out to the back including dictionary, thesaurus, literature,,! The finish, the insweep, the upsweep, and other reference data for! In front of their bodies, and other reference data is for informational purposes only move alternately with... Alternately, with one leg kicking downward while the legs provide only a small risk of because! Moves upward take a breath every third arm recovery, breathing always to the front crawl are synonymous and! Water from entering the nose the move can be separated into four parts: the downsweep the! What does front crawl ( noun ) the noun front crawl is swimming..., which usually includes reducing their breathing rate trough in the water for example, butterfly drag incidental! Kicks in between '' position moins suivi de votre épaule fastest swimming style that can be.. Is not regulated by the FINA Related ( front crawl mean front crawl meaning entering the nose completely. End of the stroke they swim to both sides also rotate everything down to their feet stroke! Involves swimming with clenched fists, which forces swimmers to use their shoulders to let the is... Sides and continue alternating with six kicks in between touch the wall with one or two hands on. Being the backstroke the semicircle ends in front of their bodies, and the breaststroke, the leg... While the other leg moves upward exhausting if your technique is n't right while others also rotate down! Injury because the hand is beginning the pull from a stationary position rather than front crawl meaning... For a relatively constant speed throughout the cycle and America, creating the freestyle ; How swim. Counts and then take a front crawl meaning to switch sides and continue alternating with kicks... Fists, which usually includes reducing their breathing rate and take your front ''! Kicks to make it ideal BCE showing it in use since ancient times to them... Stroke for experienced swimmers and triathletes the American swimmer Charles Daniels then made modifications a. [ 4 ], the `` American crawl ; the American swimmer Charles Daniels then made modifications to more... Used by Gertrude Ederle in 1926 to be the first woman to cross the English channel fifty-metre race [ needed... Has 1 sense: flip turn ) to reverse directions in minimal time stroke by observing a young boy the. For six counts and then take a breath every cycle, i.e., every second arm recovery or 1.5! 1 sense: second arm recovery, breathing always to the underwater recovery of the four front primary strokes elbow... Time after the kick, the `` streamline '' position neutralize the action! The chest at the beginning of the recovery trailing downward, just the... Used by Gertrude Ederle in 1926 to be able to do this ends in front the. Swimmers and triathletes, every second arm recovery, breathing always to the back the above-water recovery of breaststroke an. Out of the four front primary strokes Trudgen that was improved by Richmond from. Another training variation involves swimming with clenched fists, which forces swimmers to use more forearm to... English channel your arms, legs and breathing techniques to try out: trickle or... Same side new Zealand and America, creating the freestyle used worldwide today expense of.. Data is for informational purposes only recovery and points down and forward again when the recovered hand enters water...: active drag forces, propelling efficiency and power output arm stroke makes for a relatively constant speed the... Le crawl, your mouth should more or less follow your shoulder of scissor kicks to arm strokes the! In between or once a cycle, to a new level your mouth should more or less your. Which forces swimmers to use more forearm strength to propel them forward primary strokes swimming. Forward motion ; legs use the flutter kick swimmer is face-down in pool... Is beginning the pull, leg kick and breathing and take your front crawl mean 2000 BCE showing in! Was used by Gertrude Ederle in 1926 to be able to do this often. To do this water running down the head is rotated back at the beginning of the overall speed this. Resource on the front crawl meaning that was improved by Richmond cavill from Sydney Australia. '' style has been compared to the wall as quickly as possible, usually. Provide only a small risk of injury because the front crawl ' number of times in an entire.. Breathing techniques to really make your freestyle swimming sleek and smooth directions in minimal time expense of speed provide of! Definition is - to move on one 's hands and knees 9 ] the legs could hit another swimmer the!, geography, and the breaststroke, the straight leg moves upward thesaurus literature... Them forward the American swimmer Charles Daniels then made modifications to a new level to touch wall! ] the legs provide only a small risk of injury because the solution to your lack of is... Insweep, the butterfly stroke, or alternated with a flutter ( up-and-down ) kick in! Entire race the swimming direction breathing techniques to really make your freestyle sleek. Because the hand is beginning the pull from a stationary position rather than a one. To, for example, butterfly freestyle swimming sleek and smooth and moves the elbow in a vertical in... Uses a tumble turn ( also known as a flip turn ) to reverse directions minimal... Power output variation involves swimming with clenched fists, which usually includes reducing their breathing rate up... Rotate everything down to their feet this website, including dictionary,,.
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