1, figs. Share Share on Facebook; Tweet Tweet on … , Any root system found on Tillandsia has grown to act as a fragile stabilizing scaffold to grip the surface they grow on. There are some plants that are considered “self-incompatible” meaning that they cannot self-pollinate and rely on pollinators to pollinate for them. Contact us at firstname.lastname@example.org for a quick response! E, F. 1974. June 05, 2019 Have you ever wondered how tillandsia (air plants) get pollinated? Tillandsia velickiana L. B. Smith, Phytologia 28: 39, pl. Lyman B. Smith , RJ Downs: Tillandsioideae (Bromeliaceae). This turns out quite helpful for the “self-incompatible’ Tillandsia species (T. caput-medusae and T. streptophylla) that can’t self-pollinate. Having native habitats that vary from being epiphytic and saxicolous, species have certain adaptations, such as root systems designed to anchor to other plants or substrates, and modified trichomes for water and nutrient intake. Air plants with scented flowers include the T. duratii, T. straminea, and T. crocata among others. Native to the coastal areas of Chile. First record of bat-pollination in the species-rich genus Tillandsia (Bromeliaceae). Here you can see the parachute or COMA of the air plant seeds. , Species of Tillandsia photosynthesize through a process called CAM cycle, where they close their stomata during the day to prevent water loss and open them at night to fix carbon dioxide and release oxygen. Tillandsias, like other bromeliads, can multiply through pollination and seed formation. The middle image is the pods after the seeds have been removed. "How To Water Air Plants The Right Way To Keep Your Air Plant Alive", http://www.wedgewoodgardens.com/Care_Sheet_-_Air_Plants.pdf, "Phylogenetic relationships of the pseudobulbous, "Appendices I, II and III valid from 5 February 2015*", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Tillandsia&oldid=995088171, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 19 December 2020, at 04:16. The self fertility index (Lloyd and Shoen 1992) was calculated by dividing the amount of fruits or viable seeds produced in spontaneous selfing (SS) by those in cross pollination … Galán de Mera, A., M. A. Hagen & J. Inside these seed pods are seeds that are encased in fluffy hairs, called a parachute or COMA. Available from: Klaus Labude: Tillandsien. Since Tillandsia are not self-fertile, the pollen must come from another plant of the same species. Pretty neat huh? ... Because it is self-pollinating, however, it produces a lot of seeds that can disperse and start naturalizing on their own if you live in an area that doesn't freeze and isn't desert.  Air plants are growing rapidly in popularity as a low maintenance household plant. In reality, a batch of clones are not guaranteed to yield identical flowers. Whats Wrong With My Air Plant (Tillandsia)? Pollinators also do their part in cross-pollinating Tillandsia in the wild, which is where pollen sticks to the bee or wasp and is then transferred to the pistil of another plant of the same species. Now the plant can absorb more light. Tillandsia, depending on the species, may take months or years to flower. Ithaca: Comstock Publishing Associates. The brilliant contrasting colors of the inflorescence, green floral bracts and large bright red primary bracts, are characteristics typ-ical of bird-pollinated species (Faegri & van der Piji, 1 979). , Tillandsias, like other bromeliads, can multiply through pollination and seed formation. Wedgewood Gardens. Most species absorb moisture and nutrients through the leaves from rain, dew, dust, decaying leaves and insect matter, aided by structures called trichomes. Since Tillandsia are not self-fertile, the pollen must come from another plant of the same species. , Generally, the thinner-leafed varieties grow in rainy areas and the thick-leafed varieties in areas more subject to drought. This tally will surely grow, although not the size of Tillandsia per se if the views of several authorities prevail. Their leaves, more or less silvery in color, are covered with specialized cells (trichomes) capable of rapidly absorbing water that gathers on them. 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